What Was Munich Agreement

In the face of tensions between the Germans and the Czechoslovakian government, on 15 September 1938, Benes secretly proposed to cede 6,000 square kilometres to Czechoslovakia in Germany, in exchange for a German accession agreement of 1.5 to 2.0 million South Germans that expelled Czechoslovakia. Hitler did not respond. [13] GERMANY, the United Kingdom, France and Italy have agreed on the following conditions of compliance and the measures that result from them, taking into account the agreement already reached in principle for the transfer of the German territory of the Sudetenland to Germany, and, through this agreement, they are responsible for the measures necessary to implement them. The economic consequences of the Munich agreement will certainly be very severe for Czechoslovakia. The loss of industries, railwayheads, knots, etc., cannot help but cause a sharp loss of trade and unemployment. There is no doubt that Czechoslovakia becomes the object of quasi-colonial exploitation for Germany. One aspect of the huge riots of the past two weeks must affect anyone who thinks about its history. In the three most powerful countries in Central and Eastern Europe, people had no right to know what was said and done outside. There seems to have been very little news in Russia.

In Germany and Italy, the message was deliberately falsified while it was not repressed. The German people were not to know the embassy of President Roosevelt. The Italian people were led to believe that Chamberlain agreed with Hitler and was only putting pressure on Benes. One of his speeches gave them a false version. In Munich, Hitler won what he wanted – the reign of Central Europe – and German troops entered the Sudetenland on the night of October 1. The day before, the Czech government had accepted the Munich Pact. General Sirovy, the Czech Prime Minister, said on the radio that he had experienced the most tragic moment of his life: “I am carrying out the most painful task that may have fallen on me, a duty worse than death… the forces that are opposed to us compel us to recognize their superiority and act accordingly.┬áIn Germany, Josef Goebbels said: “We have all walked on a thin wire on a dizzying abyss…